The Rational Believer

A Five Volume Series on Jewish Faith

Vol. 1, The Torah: G-d-Given or Man-Made?

Eight Wonders of Jewish History

Overview: Prophecies of the future history of the Jewish People are forecasted in the Torah. These prophecies, which against all odds, played out accurately, were predicted millennials before their fulfilment. This is used as solid evidence for the divinity of Torah.

There are many people and religions who claim the gift of prophecy. But in reality, they fall short of being categorized as prophecy. In order to be considered an accurate foretelling of the future, several factors must be taken into account. First of all the prophecy must have clearly been written before its alleged fulfilment. If its not clear that it was written before, we can easily argue that it was written after the fulfilment and is thus no prophecy. Second of all, the prophecy itself must be vivid; it cannot be vaguely written or flexible for interpretation. Like this we are able to determine that the writer actually intended to forecast this specific event. And thirdly, the fulfilment must obviously be precise and accurate to what was prophesied.

In this chapter, we will argue the case for what is perhaps the world’s only clear and valid prophecy, fitting all the “prophecy criteria” just mentioned. We will start by first putting a timeline to the authorship of the Torah. Like this, we will be able to determine that the prophecy’s fulfilment in fact did happen after the Torah prophesied it.

All agree that the Torah was written at least 2,500 years ago. In fact, Bible Critics will never suggest that the Torah was written after that.[i] This established fact is based on many factors. Among those factors is the Dead Sea Scroll findings of the Torah which date back 2,200 years.[ii] We can therefore regard any prophecy in the Torah pertaining to the past 2,000 years as in fact prophecy and not a recording of history that was written after the fulfilment.

And that is in fact what we have—prophecies concerning the past 2,000 years. But let us imagine that a human authored the Torah, with no divine aspect to it, and he is trying to persuade the people that his book is divinely-inspired. Wouldn’t he be cautious enough not to give any predictions in the book he hopes his readers will believe in?! If he would give one, wouldn’t he provide a rather easy one—one that could be predicted based on the current laws of nature and probabilities?!

But the Torah has several wild and extremely improbable predictions of the future. The interesting part is that these predictions contradict each other based on the laws of common nature. Nevertheless, the author of the Torah wasn’t scared to lay out these predictions. All the evidence suggests that it’s because the author was divinely-inspired and in fact knew the future.

It is advised to take a moment to study chapter 28 of Deuteronomy for a complete understanding of the string of prophecies.[1]

 

Here is the summary of what was predicted and when they were fulfilled:

(1) DESTRUCTION:[iii] It indeed came about in the year 69 A.C.E. when the Romans invaded the land. Josephus, among other contemporary historians, describes this invasion and destruction at length. It was a ruthless one, killing an estimated 2 million Jews or more. This is no(t such an) amusement of a prophecy on its own but it is a lead-up to the upcoming surprises.

[Interestingly, the Torah states, “The Lord will lift against you a nation from afar, from the end of the earth.”[iv] This was indeed the case with Rome which came from afar. The verse finishes with, “as an eagle will swoop,” possibly hinting at the famous golden eagle replicas the Roman legions would raise in battle.[v] Another verse says it will be “a nation unknown to you and your fathers.” This was a great description for Rome, which was a new Empire that hadn’t existed (as an Empire) up until sometime right before their invasion of the Land. This invasion began some one-hundred years before the final destruction of the Land, along with the Temple and the population. It was a nation unheard of in history before its establishment at that time when a few states joined to form Rome.[vi] Another description is that its language would be unknown to the Jews, something which also turned out as predicted, as the Roman language Latin was unknown to the East.[2]]

(2) EXILE:[vii]  Destruction is natural and has happened all throughout human history. What about exile? Exile is somewhat common. How about a full nation being exiled? Now, that’s rare. It has only happened to a handful of nations. [3] [viii] Surprisingly, one of these rare nations were the Jews, and the Torah predicted it much before it happened!

But let’s take it even further:

(3) DISPERSION: [ix] Whenever people are exiled, they almost always settle in one place.[4] The Jews, however, have an interesting one; they are dispersed in the four corners of the earth!

(4) CONSTANT PERSECUTION: [x] The Torah describes our troubles in exile. There’s no need to bring examples here, just open any Jewish history book and you will see how clearly this sad prophecy was fulfilled. In fact the persecution of Jews was and is so unique that a special term—anti-Semitism—was established for it.

(5) FEW IN NUMBER:[xi] The Jews were small in number up until recently. Even now we are relatively small—relative to what we could/should have been without exile,[5] and relative in comparison to other nations and religions.[xii]

(6) RETAINING THEIR IDENTITY: [xiii] Whenever people are exiled, it is likely for them to assimilate. After all, it’s only natural to want to blend into one’s society.[xiv] Something very strange was predicted and indeed happened to the Jews—they kept their Jewish identity for over 2,000 years![6] This happened as they were being exiled (prediction 2)! As they are dispersed throughout the world (prediction 3)! As they are under constant persecution (prediction 4)! And, as they are few in number (prediction 5)! This is nature simply colliding with itself![7]

(7) PRESERVING THE TORAH:[8] The Torah was indeed preserved—to the exact version—throughout the Jews’ exile. Each Jewish community, from all corners of the world, all came out with the same Torah. Our Torah is the same as the one found in the Dead Sea Scrolls dated 2,000 years ago (see chapter “Is the Torah’s Text Accurate?”). Our Torah survived the 2,000 years of persecution! How can an exiled nation, which is dispersed, is few in number, and is under constant persecution preserve its writings, especially with such consistency?

(8) RETURN TO THE LAND: The return of the Jews to Israel—their homeland—is the beginning of the fulfillment of a prophecy foretold long ago.[xv] Indeed, we have recently been given a taste of this as millions of Jews rose to the Holy Land once more. Of course, this does not signify that the Redemption has begun for the Messiah needs to first appear before such a process. However, we received a preview of what will eventually be the ultimate return of the captives to Israel, prior to the Messiah’s arrival. The world was shocked that an exiled and dispersed nation, which has been tortured for 2,000 years has managed to finally return to the land they had longed-for. They should have been shocked 3,300 years ago when it was prophesied.[9]

 

Now, would a human author make-up such predictions that are so beyond his powers to control? Only the Almighty Himself can know of these unlikely wild predictions which collide each with the other—and yet happened.[10] Predictions 2, 3, 4, and 5 are natural contradictions to predictions 6, 7 and 8!

This clearly demonstrates the Divine Providence[11] we’ve seen throughout history as G-d guides His children, His nation, the Jewish people throughout their torment at the hands of their enemies. The greatest thinkers and atheists were not able to lay their minds on an explanation for these perplexing phenomena of the Jewish People.[12]

It’s important to mention here as a sidenote, that after these 8 predictions stood accurately playing itself out in reality, the 9th one, the ultimate Redemption[xvi] is bound to happen, as divinely prophesied. It is only a matter of when.

To sum it up from a famous article written by the renowned writer Mark Twain (a non-Jew and self-proclaimed agnostic):

“If statistics are right, the Jews constitute but one percent of the human race. It suggests a nebulous dim puff of stardust lost in the blaze of the Milky Way. Properly, the Jew ought hardly to be heard of, but he is heard of, has always been heard of. He is as prominent on the planet as any other people, and his commercial importance is extravagantly out of proportion to the smallness of his bulk. His contributions to the world’s list of great names in literature, science, art, music, finance, medicine, and abstruse learning are also away out of proportion to the weakness of his numbers. He has made a marvelous fight in this world, in all the ages; and had done it with his hands tied behind him. He could be vain of himself and be excused for it. The Egyptian, Babylonian, and the Persian rose, filled the planet with sound and splendor, then faded to dream-stuff and passed away. The Greek and Roman followed, made a vast noise and they are gone. Other peoples have sprung up, and held their torch high for a time, but it burned out and they sit in twilight now or have vanished. The Jew saw them all, beat them all, and is now what he always was, exhibiting no decadence, no infirmities of age, no weakening of his parts, no slowing of his energies, no dulling of his alert and aggressive mind. All things are mortal, but the Jew. All other forces pass, but he remains. What is the secret of his immortality?”

(“Concerning the Jews”, Harper’s Magazine, 1899)

King Louis XIV of France asked Blaise Pascal, the great Christian philosopher, to provide him proof of G-d’s existence. Pascal replied with just one sentence: “Why the Jews, your Majesty, the Jews!”


[1] See as well: Leviticus 26:14-45, Isaiah 6:11-12; 39:1-7; Jeremiah 6:1-8; 19:1-13; Ezekiel 5:5-12; Amos 8:1-12. However, many of these prophecies, including those in Leviticus 26, are referring to the destruction and exile of the First Temple to Babylon (as can be analyzed from the details described).

[2]  Before the emergence of the Romans in Judea, Latin was unknown to the Jews. Greek was popular because of the Greek occupation of the Middle East.

[3] In my research, I found only 8 nation of whom a majority were exiled, one of them being the Jews. The others are Armenians, Circassian, and multiple Native American tribes (Choctaw, Cherokee, Seminole, Muskogee, and Chickasaw). Other nations such as the Acadians, Crimean Tatars, and many Indians and Pakistanis were exiled only from certain areas while the overwhelming majority remained in their hometowns. The exile of the majority of the Palestinian Arab population in 1948 cannot be regarded as a national exile, for they are not regarded as a nationality or ethnicity by any standards. They had no distinct ethnicity, religion, culture, language, or identity. Note that all these nations were exiled in recent history, where modern capabilities allow for easier mass deportation. I have not found any example of ancient exiles of entire nations, thus making it even less likely that an author of antique would predict such an unlikely scenario that seemingly hasn’t happened in his times.

[4] The only exception that I have found is the Armenian exile and some of the Native American tribes. Yet even these nations or ethnicities have assimilated at a pace that makes them bound to disappear within the next few centuries, being that they were only exiled in the recent past and have already assimilated at an astonishing pace.

[5] The Jewish population within the Roman Empire (mostly in Judea, Egypt, Syria, Asia Minor, Babylon, Iran, Yemen, and Ethiopia) was about 8 million, according to the Roman census in 48 A.C.E. Compare that with the estimated 14 million population of world Jewry some 2,000 years later. The number even reached as low as a few hundred thousand during the mediaeval period.

[6]  Even though many did assimilate, we speak of the nation as a whole.

[7] The mysterious survival of the Jews has engulfed the minds of their neighbors, philosophers, and historians throughout the centuries. Their survival that outlasted all others, most surprisingly under the worst circumstances that logically should have destroyed all of the Jews’ religious culture and identity. The Jew who was beaten, killed, exiled, tortured, robbed, and enslaved lived to see the ultimate destruction or disappearance of all nations that oppressed him. What is the secret of his survival?

As we are suggesting here, the secret ingredient for the Jewish survival is his G-d. The Jewish People are compared to a sheep who is surrounded by many wolves that want to devour the sheep. Under the laws of nature, the sheep has no way to survive, except that it has a shepherd armed with a rifle to protect the sheep. The Jewish People’s shepherd is the Almighty Himself who protects against all the odds of nature. And as the verse puts it (Leviticus 26:44): “Yet, even then, while they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them or spurn them so as to destroy them, annulling My covenant with them: for I the Lord am their G-d.”

While there might be some natural components that can perhaps attribute a little to the survival, none or even all combined are sufficient to explain the survival, unless we admit to the supernatural element playing at hand. Historians attempting to rationalize the secret of Jewish survival with avoiding a G-d, generally give three alternatives. But some basic elementary thought would immediately prove these suggestions as futile.

 

(1) The Jews have a special talent in surviving. Like many nations, the Jews possess a unique talent that sticks out by them; it happens to be survival. The cause of the talent is purely genetic. For example, Americans are skilled inventors, Russians are skilled novelists, Africans are more physically built, and Asians more intellectual. So the Jews, the claim goes, have a genetic advantage of identity and religious survival.

An obvious flaw in this argument is that, say one nation has a specific talent over another, but do nations have a significant advantage over another? The answer is no. Africans are generally at max 20% stronger than the average human, and Asians generally at max 10% smarter than the average human. Significant differences are not seen. The only time significant changes are seen are by technical circumstances that account for the differences. For example, Americans are skilled inventors, significantly more than Africans, due to technical circumstances. Americans are smarter and have built an independent economy that allows for competition and ultimately greater success and inventions. Such people, smart and ambitious, were the ones driven to migrate to America, the land established on freedom.

Back to our point, the Jews have a survival record that outlasted any other nation by far! Significantly greater than any other nation or religion. If it was purely a genetic advantage, then the difference should have been minor and the survival wouldn’t stick out as much as it does. If it was a circumstantial talent that took hold by the Jews particularly, a valid model for such circumstances has yet to be laid out and is therefore a baseless suggestion.

 

(2) Another hypothesis suggested is that Jewish survival prevailed because of the constant persecution against them. You see, when one is attacked or challenged, a natural reaction is stubbornness not to submit to the oppressors. The Jews were constantly persecuted and therefore constantly retained their identity.

A quick glance at history rapidly debunks this argument. All throughout the ages, particularly in the Medieval Period, religious wars swooped across the earth. Islam began and rapidly expanded into the entire Middle East, North Africa, and Spain in just over one century; not through persuasion, nor through peace and love but through the sword. The Crusaders, Inquisition and religious wars produced the exact same effect: total domination over the victims who didn’t or couldn’t express stubbornness to stick with their original faith. So, persecution does not retain or support religion as this theory suggests, but on the contrary, it generally destroys or diminishes it. The exception is Judaism. What is the secret of their survival?

 

(3) The most prominent and commonly suggested explanation for the Jewish survival is the content of its religion. The claim goes that the strict laws of Judaism, such as Kashrus (the dietary laws of Kosher), forbidden intermarriage, community worship, and unique dress-codes, prevented us from assimilating and eventually disappearing.

A counterargument is that strict laws that separate people from general society too much will in fact cause detachment if not rebellion against the religion. People usually want religion and spirituality, but if it pushes the limits, then that would actually be a feature that distances observance, not that enhances it.

Besides for that counterargument, the actual argument is terribly flawed in itself. If these rules and laws of Judaism encouraged survival, why is Judaism the only one with such a survival with no competitor even close in its survival phenomena. Let me explain this point by bringing an example. The leading winner in any talent always has a competitor somewhere near him, rarely is there a huge gap between him and second-place. The top basketball player or musician aren’t significantly better than their competing second-to-best. The reason is that nature has no reason to make a significant jump from second-to-best to the top. But in our case, there’s no religion anywhere near the survival of Judaism with its circumstances (of exile, dispersion, few in number and persecution etc.).

There’s no reason that particularly Judaism would “happen to have” so many stricter laws over any other religion. If you will suggest that the founder of Judaism realized that these Laws are beneficial for prevalence and survival, the question is why nature only allowed one religion-founder, out of the thousands in history, to realize this tactic. Nature simply cannot explain why the survival is exclusive to Judaism or even why its circumstance, suggested to explain the phenomena, is exclusive to one of the thousands of religions out there.

And finally, there’s a simple yet big flaw for this third hypothesis. Not only would there be zero reason for nature to have made Judaism with the exclusive anti-assimilation laws as just explained, but indeed a look into the hundreds of religions in the past reveals that they too had strict cultural laws. Countless religions had dietary laws and marriage restrictions that made them unique from general society.

Yet another issue with all three suggestions is that it fails to explain how such circumstances could been predicted in the Torah if a human authored it. These explanations can only apply post-facto but it is unpredictable to a human beforehand—no matter how wise. This is especially so since the author would have no nations of the same phenomena to observe that would reveal the effects of the circumstances laid out above.

[8] Deuteronomy 31:21. Yet this verse can equally be interpreted to mean that the Song (of Deuteronomy 32:1-34) should be placed aside the Holy Ark in order (which is an alternative translation of ki in Hebrew) that it serve as a sign and it shall not be forgotten why the Jews are going through their suffering. Therefore, a more accurate prooftext concerning the preservation of Torah would be from the beginning of Deuteronomy Ch. 30. There, the verse speaks of the Jews returning to the Mitzvos at the End of Days in exile, and certainly a Torah is required in order to know the Mitzvos. See also Talmud tractate Shabbos 138b which interprets Deuteronomy 31:21 also as a guarantee that the Torah shall not be forgotten from the Jewish Nation.

[9] Bible Critics explain this chapter to be referring to the Babylonian exile which the Torah was written after, according to their hypothesis. Thus, no prophecy is at hand as the description in Deuteronomy 28 is a mere historical account of the atrocities they have experienced by the Babylonians. The author would then convince the people that these are prophecies written many generations ago before the Babylonian exile.

The internal evidence shows otherwise as their explanation falls short on explaining a few important phrases in the chapter that were exclusive only to the Roman exile. Here we shall point out those shortcomings:

[But before we do that it is noteworthy to mention that although Deuteronomy 28 doesn’t speak of the Babylonian exile, the exile didn’t occur by mere chance. The exile was predicted accurately in Leviticus chapter 26—a discussion beyond ours at hand.]

(1) “The Lord will bring a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, which will swoop down like the eagle—a nation whose language you do not understand” (verse 49). Babylon is practically a neighboring country to Israel, thus no candidate for “a nation from afar, from the end of the earth.” Some object because Jeremiah (5:15) uses the term a nation “from afar” when describing Babylon’s imminent invasion. But I beg to differ. While the term “from afar” might fly by—relatively—regarding Babylon, the term “from the end of the earth” is hardly an accurate description. However, there is room for skepticism here, so we will bring other indisputable evidence.

(2) Verse 68 describes that captives will be sold in Egypt as slaves. This only happened at the Roman exile. While many Jews did descent to Egypt during the Babylonian captivity, they walked about as free men, who actually fled there just to escape the Babylonians as Jeremiah (41:17-18) describes. It would be extraordinarily wild to suggest that slaves were sold in Egypt yet weren’t recorded in the books of Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezra, and Nehemiah. Moreover, even if they were sold in small numbers, that wouldn’t be enough to plunge the slave market-rate to close to nothing as the Torah describes “and you shall sell yourself as slaves and maidens but will find no buyer.” The Roman exile included a major event of slave-selling in Egypt at very low prices. Indeed, the transit of the slaves to Egypt was done through ships as the Torah describes in verse 68. [See Josephus in The Jewish wars vi, 9:2; Munter, Primordia Eccl. Africanae, pp. 85f.,113. History of Am Yisrael in Ancient Days (Hebrew, Devir), 1971, p. 321.]

(3) Deuteronomy 30:6 describes the redemption from the exile described just two chapters before. “Then the Lord your G-d will open up your heart and the hearts of your offspring to love the Lord your G-d with all your heart and soul, in order that you may live.” This event has not happened after the Babylonian exile. The author, who according to Bible Critics sealed the Torah quite deep into the Second Temple era, would have realized that this has not come into effect and would therefore not write that (or delete it, if it was written previously). So, obviously this redemption was intended on a future exile, i.e. the Roman exile. Whereas it is true that the Jews abandoned idol-worship since the Babylonian exile, they hardly “loved G-d with all their heart and soul” as the verse requires.

(4) The Jews are described to have painful stays at their enemies’ land and constant travel as a result. As the verse puts it: “Yet even among those nations you shall find no peace, nor shall your foot find a place to rest. The Lord will give you there an anguished heart and eyes that pine and a despondent spirit” (Verse 65). While it is true that the Jews did have a major spiritual downfall throughout the Babylonian exile, in the physical sense they were quite well off with major financial benefits (see Nehemiah 1:3) as well as relatively safe environments (besides for the one-time Purim story with the threat from Haman that hasn’t even materialized). As a matter of fact, they were so comfortable that Zerubbabel and Ezra only managed to get 43,000 Jews to rise with them to the Holy Land after getting permission to return to their homeland! It took at least 200 years (or if secular chronology used—350 years) for Israel/Judea to regain its immense Jewish population in the times of the Hasmoneans. Additionally, the Babylonian exile had no traveling involved (as the verse requires—“nor shall your foot find place to rest”) as it only lasted 70 years.

(5) “The Lord will drive you, and the king who has been set over you, to a nation unknown to you or your fathers” (verse 36). If Babylon was intended, “a nation unknown to you and your fathers” is hardly an accurate description. Babylon was the first civilization ever to exist. Its name didn’t leave the front-pages of every newsletter since the beginning of times. So what about that is “unknown” to us and our grandfathers? Even more baffling is that our very own lineage is traced to Babylon where our Patriarch Abraham came from (see Genesis 11:28, 31). For Rome, no greater description is even possible. Rome was a city only established around 800 B.C.E. and an Empire only established right before its entry and occupancy of Judea. The most random nation even possible at the time would be Rome. Hence the description “a nation unknown to you not your fathers.”

 

That’s the internal evidence. But let us assume that the chapter hasn’t stated the descriptions that rule out the Babylonian exile, discussed above. Still, the chapter would undoubtedly be going on the Roman exile (perhaps in addition to the Babylonian exile). This can be inferred from the following:

The Jewish history phenomena in the past 2,000 years is one that is mind-boggling and unparalleled by any other nation whose histories are not even slightly similar to Jewish history. Any natural explanation for it fails, as discussed above. So what can be behind it all to explain it all? It is obviously the divine plan that was already laid out to us clearly in Deuteronomy 28—that if we sin, these and these curses will be the consequence. It was of no coincidence that the past 2,000 years of history fulfill prophecies that Bible Critics claim are going on the Babylonian exile.

It would be ridiculous to suggest that the Bible’s author wrote about the Babylonian exile in hindsight and “by chance” the same exact thing as recorded, with all its details, happened again hundreds of years later. And remember, this is not something that is expected to happen often or even occasionally, but rather something that hasn’t happened in history to any other nation! Looking in hindsight, the fulfillment of the Roman exile reveals that Deuteronomy 28 intended that unnatural chunk of history. Do you really think that the Roman exile replicated the precise, unnatural, unpredictable, portrait of Deuteronomy 28 and yet had no connection with it?

Similarly, some critics believe that this chapter is going on the Assyrian exile of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and it would therefore as well be hindsight historical information and not future prophetical. But the above evidence, both internal and historical, don’t allow for this. They weren’t a nation from “afar” and certainly not “from the end of the earth.” They were definitely a nation known to them and their ancestors, having been a direct neighbour and homeland of Abraham when his family settled in the city of Haran (see Genesis 11:31). Also, no slaves were sold to Egypt at that time. The dispersion to the four corners of the earth spoken of throughout the chapter is non-existent by the Assyrian exile model as they were all sent to Assyria as the very verses recording the narrative relate. Additionally, a key element in the chain of prophecies is the identity the Jewish Nation will preserve. That hasn’t happened to the Ten Tribes.

[10] The sickness and illness mentioned within the chapter have also been fulfilled. This may have occurred in the pre-exilic era when the curse of the inferior agriculture was also taking place. At that time illness was wide-spread largely in response to the war and sieges, as described by Josephus. Another time this may have occurred was all throughout the Ghetto period (for European Jewry between the tenth and nineteenth centuries A.C.E.) where the poverty and seclusion resulted in outbreaks of illness and disease. Although this has been fulfilled, we don’t bring it in the body-text because there’s no amusement in this prediction which could have easily been predicted based on the other circumstances already in place.

[11] Divine Providence is the belief that G-d controls nature to create or maintain certain situations. An example would be His intervention with nature to maintain the survival of His Chosen Nation, the Jewish People.

[12] “Maybe” you ask, “these prophecies were influenced from ancient stargazing?”

Legend indeed has it, that ancient stargazers can see the future. In the Midrash as well we read of the ancient stargazers in Egypt who saw a saviour for the Jews about to be born. But understandably this power was extremely limited; it can only see small things. For example, the Midrash tells us that the Egyptian stargazers saw blood in the desert, so they assumed the Jews died there; in reality, though, it was the blood of circumcision performed by the Israelites. Similarly, a Midrash recounts, when the stargazers saw that Moses was in the water (when he was actually in a basket), they thought he had drowned. These stories suggest that the ancient power of stargazing was limited in what it can see.

Stargazing was also limited in time; it cannot predict the future of civilizations. After all, there’s got to be a reason why only the Torah has prophecy. And not just near prophecy but predicting what will happen in thousands of years. And not just prophecies but real wild unlikely ones!

If stargazing was able to see the future so vividly, why then aren’t ancient Egyptian temples and Sumerian cuneiform writings filled with prophecies about the future similar to the Torah’s prophecies?! Perhaps it should mention the future world empires, such as Assyria, Persia, Greece, and Rome? Perhaps the Industrial Revolution? Technology? End of Days? etc. etc.—Yet nothing! This proves that ancient stargazing did not have the power to see the far future in a vivid manner.

It can also be suggested that there’s no real power of stargazing or any supernatural sorcery, as discussed at length in chapter “The Evil Eye, Demons, and Superstitions” in Vol. 2 of The Rational Believer series.

Another answer is that besides for the prediction aspect of it, the actual history of the Jewish Nation contains phenomena that are against the laws of nature. That is to say that even without the predictions laid out in Deuteronomy 28, the very history of the Jewish Nation suggests that a supernatural element is at play here. The world now astonishes about the nature of the Jewish history, not matched by any other nation as discussed at length above. So even if, theoretically, ancient stargazers would have predicted the Jewish history phenomena, that wouldn’t rid the third amusement mentioned earlier—the fact that the unparalleled history has occurred, whether or not it has been predicted.

 

Now, with these answers we have excluded the possibility for sorcery or stargazing to be the role-player in the Deuteronomy 28 predictions. However, perhaps we can suggest that a supernatural being, one unknown to us, was the one who knew the future of the Jewish People and told a man to write them down in the Torah. But the caveach is that this supernatural being isn’t an unlimited G-d but merely a force outside that of nature. Perhaps even, this supernatural being is the one that controls nature. How then can we conclude the existence of a G-d from the predictions of Deuteronomy 28?

As proven earlier in chapter “Does G-d Exist?”, logically we must conclude the existence of an Infinite Creator called G-d that cannot be a mere spiritual supernatural power. One can only assume that the probabilities are that this exclusive powerful spiritual being is G-d Himself whose existence we are already well aware of.

Secondly, this very supernatural being itself tells us His nature in the Torah; He told us He’s infinite. Why should we believe Him? Well, He has fairly good credentials that classify Him as trust-worthy; after all, all of His facts about the past and future were reliable and accurate! Nowhere was His Torah caught lying.

 

Similarly, skeptics often object to the whole idea of prophecy or any supernatural element proving G-d’s existence, by the fact that we can get overwhelmed about something that is indeed natural but can be thought to be supernatural. The best example being electricity or magic.

But there is a clear difference between electricity and magic to the prophecies of Deuteronomy 28. Precisely because electricity is a natural power it can be produced by many people. Those people are called electricians. Similarly, precisely because magic is a natural power it can be performed by many people. Those people are called magicians. But the predictions of Deuteronomy 28 aren’t paralleled by any other person—proving that it is no natural power.


[i] Rofé, pp.4–5, Rogerson, pp.153–154

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Deuteronomy#Composition_history

[ii] Many parts (fragments) of Deuteronomy 28 as well, see A Catalog of Biblical Passages in the Dead Sea Scrolls by David L. Washburn page 72, which can be found online here.

[iii] Destruction of the land is mentioned in verses 49-57.

[iv] Deuteronomy 28:49.

[v] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquila_(Roman)

[vi] http://www.ancient.eu/Roman_Empire/

[vii] The exile of the Jewish nation is foretold in verses 32, 36, 37, 63.

[viii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exile#Nation_in_exile

[ix] See verses 64; 30:3-4.

[x] See verses 65-67.

[xi] See verses 62-63.

[xii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_Jewish_population_comparisons

[xiii] See Leviticus 26:44, and the general flow of Deuteronomy 28 (and Leviticus 26) differentiates and singles out the Jews as a nation (something which would have not been possible if they were assimilated).

[xiv] These days, thanks to Democracy and freedom of religion, it is more common to see many coulters residing next to each other under one flag. In the olden days that was practically unheard of due to the forced conversions and nationality. Especially a nation with only small communities in a particular area (e.g. having been dispersed) would certainly have had a hard time maintaining their identity. But surprisingly, most Jews of most communities worldwide have religiously and culturally survived the oppressions and odds of numbers. I have yet to hear of a nation who can compete with this. How did the author of the Torah expect and prophesy the odds without divine intervention?

[xv] In Deuteronomy 30:5.

[xvi] As recorded in Deuteronomy 30:1-10.

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